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如何正確安裝冷庫?冷庫安裝要點匯總!冷庫門廠家分享介紹

發布時間:2021-10-19 11:50:30      點擊次數:1389

       一、冷庫門廠家(jia)-安裝前的材料準備


  根(gen)據設(she)計(ji)和(he)施工(gong)材料(liao)清單提供配套材料(liao)。蓄冷(leng)(leng)板(ban)、儲冰箱門、制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)機(ji)組、制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)蒸發器(制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)風扇(shan)或排氣管(guan)(guan))、微機(ji)溫(wen)控(kong)箱、膨(peng)脹(zhang)閥、連接(jie)銅管(guan)(guan)、電纜控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)線、儲冰箱、密封膠、安裝附件(jian)等(deng)齊全,并核對材料(liao)、附件(jian)型(xing)號;在(zai)運輸和(he)安裝之前,應根(gen)據交貨單檢(jian)查冷(leng)(leng)藏面(mian)板(ban)的數量。裝卸面(mian)板(ban)時,應輕拿輕放,并在(zai)每層(ceng)面(mian)板(ban)和(he)地(di)面(mian)接(jie)縫上鋪設(she)防刮層(ceng)。


  二、冷庫(ku)門廠家-冷庫(ku)板的安裝


  冷(leng)庫整(zheng)體組裝時,應(ying)(ying)與(yu)墻壁和屋頂(ding)有間(jian)隙。冷(leng)庫地板(ban)(ban)(ban)應(ying)(ying)安裝平(ping)(ping)(ping)整(zheng)。不(bu)平(ping)(ping)(ping)部分用材料找平(ping)(ping)(ping),板(ban)(ban)(ban)與(yu)板(ban)(ban)(ban)之間(jian)的鎖(suo)(suo)鉤鎖(suo)(suo)緊。用硅膠(jiao)密封(feng),使冷(leng)庫表面平(ping)(ping)(ping)整(zheng),無中空感(gan)。冷(leng)庫頂(ding)板(ban)(ban)(ban)、底板(ban)(ban)(ban)、立(li)板(ban)(ban)(ban)安裝完畢后,應(ying)(ying)將頂(ding)板(ban)(ban)(ban)、立(li)板(ban)(ban)(ban)、底板(ban)(ban)(ban)找平(ping)(ping)(ping)并鎖(suo)(suo)緊,所(suo)有鎖(suo)(suo)鉤應(ying)(ying)相互連接(jie)。


  三、冷庫門廠家-制冷風扇安(an)裝技術


  在(zai)選(xuan)擇提升(sheng)點位置時,首先考(kao)慮空氣(qi)循(xun)環(huan)的(de)(de)合(he)適位置,然(ran)后考(kao)慮儲層的(de)(de)結構方向;制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)風(feng)(feng)扇(shan)與存儲板(ban)之間的(de)(de)間隙應大于(yu)制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)風(feng)(feng)扇(shan)的(de)(de)厚度(du);制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)風(feng)(feng)機(ji)的(de)(de)所有起吊(diao)(diao)螺(luo)栓均(jun)應緊固,螺(luo)栓孔(kong)和(he)起吊(diao)(diao)螺(luo)栓孔(kong)應用密封膠密封,防止冷(leng)橋和(he)漏氣(qi);吊(diao)(diao)扇(shan)過(guo)重時,應采(cai)用4號或(huo)5號角鐵(tie)作(zuo)為過(guo)梁(liang),過(guo)梁(liang)應跨另一屋面(mian)和(he)墻(qiang)板(ban),以(yi)減(jian)少荷載。


  四、冷(leng)庫門(men)廠(chang)家-制冷(leng)管道安(an)裝技(ji)術


  銅管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)直(zhi)(zhi)徑(jing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)選(xuan)擇應(ying)嚴(yan)格按照壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)縮(suo)機(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)吸入(ru)和(he)(he)排(pai)(pai)(pai)氣(qi)閥(fa)(fa)接(jie)(jie)口(kou)進(jin)行。當凝汽器(qi)(qi)與(yu)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)縮(suo)機(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)間距超過3M時,應(ying)加大管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)徑(jing);凝汽器(qi)(qi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)吸風面應(ying)與(yu)墻體(ti)(ti)(ti)保(bao)持400mm以(yi)上的(de)(de)(de)(de)距離,出(chu)風口(kou)應(ying)與(yu)障礙物保(bao)持3m以(yi)上的(de)(de)(de)(de)距離;儲液(ye)(ye)罐的(de)(de)(de)(de)進(jin)、出(chu)口(kou)管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)徑(jing)以(yi)單位樣(yang)品(pin)上標明的(de)(de)(de)(de)排(pai)(pai)(pai)氣(qi)、出(chu)口(kou)管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)徑(jing)為準(zhun);壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)縮(suo)機(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)吸入(ru)管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)路和(he)(he)制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)風扇的(de)(de)(de)(de)回流管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)路不應(ying)小于(yu)(yu)樣(yang)品(pin)中所示的(de)(de)(de)(de)尺寸,以(yi)減小蒸(zheng)發管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)路的(de)(de)(de)(de)內(nei)阻(zu);制(zhi)(zhi)作調(diao)節(jie)站時,每根出(chu)液(ye)(ye)管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)鋸成45度斜口(kou),插(cha)入(ru)底(di)端,進(jin)液(ye)(ye)管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)插(cha)入(ru)調(diao)節(jie)站管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)徑(jing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)四分之一(yi);排(pai)(pai)(pai)氣(qi)管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)和(he)(he)回風管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)應(ying)有(you)一(yi)定的(de)(de)(de)(de)坡度。當冷(leng)(leng)(leng)凝器(qi)(qi)高(gao)于(yu)(yu)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)縮(suo)機(ji)(ji)(ji)時,排(pai)(pai)(pai)氣(qi)管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)應(ying)向(xiang)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)凝器(qi)(qi)傾(qing)斜,并(bing)在(zai)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)縮(suo)機(ji)(ji)(ji)排(pai)(pai)(pai)氣(qi)口(kou)安(an)裝液(ye)(ye)環(huan),以(yi)防止(zhi)停(ting)機(ji)(ji)(ji)后(hou)(hou)氣(qi)體(ti)(ti)(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)和(he)(he)液(ye)(ye)化?什么在(zai)高(gao)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)排(pai)(pai)(pai)氣(qi)口(kou),重新啟動(dong)時液(ye)(ye)體(ti)(ti)(ti)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)縮(suo);制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)風機(ji)(ji)(ji)回風管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)出(chu)口(kou)處應(ying)安(an)裝U形彎管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)。回氣(qi)管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)線應(ying)向(xiang)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)縮(suo)機(ji)(ji)(ji)傾(qing)斜,以(yi)保(bao)證回油順暢(chang);膨脹閥(fa)(fa)應(ying)盡量(liang)靠近制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)風機(ji)(ji)(ji)安(an)裝,電磁(ci)閥(fa)(fa)應(ying)水平安(an)裝,閥(fa)(fa)體(ti)(ti)(ti)應(ying)垂直(zhi)(zhi),并(bing)注意出(chu)液(ye)(ye)方向(xiang);如有(you)必要,在(zai)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)縮(suo)機(ji)(ji)(ji)回流管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)路上安(an)裝過濾器(qi)(qi),以(yi)防止(zhi)系統中的(de)(de)(de)(de)污(wu)(wu)垢(gou)進(jin)入(ru)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)縮(suo)機(ji)(ji)(ji),并(bing)清除系統中的(de)(de)(de)(de)水;在(zai)緊(jin)固制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)系統的(de)(de)(de)(de)所有(you)鈉螺母(mu)和(he)(he)鎖(suo)緊(jin)螺母(mu)之前(qian),應(ying)用冷(leng)(leng)(leng)凍油進(jin)行潤滑,以(yi)加強(qiang)密(mi)封,緊(jin)固后(hou)(hou)將(jiang)其(qi)擦拭干(gan)凈(jing),并(bing)鎖(suo)緊(jin)每個切斷(duan)門(men)的(de)(de)(de)(de)填料(liao);膨脹閥(fa)(fa)感溫包應(ying)采用金屬卡子固定在(zai)蒸(zheng)發器(qi)(qi)出(chu)口(kou)100mm-200mm處,并(bing)用雙層絕緣(yuan)材料(liao)包緊(jin);制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)系統安(an)裝后(hou)(hou),應(ying)美觀、色澤一(yi)致。不得有(you)管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)道(dao)交(jiao)叉和(he)(he)不等高(gao);制(zhi)(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)管(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)(guan)道(dao)電焊連接(jie)(jie)時,應(ying)留有(you)排(pai)(pai)(pai)污(wu)(wu)口(kou),用氮氣(qi)分段從高(gao)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)和(he)(he)低(di)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)吹(chui)出(chu)污(wu)(wu)水。分段吹(chui)掃完成后(hou)(hou),應(ying)對整(zheng)個系統進(jin)行吹(chui)掃,直(zhi)(zhi)到沒(mei)有(you)發現污(wu)(wu)垢(gou)為止(zhi)。排(pai)(pai)(pai)污(wu)(wu)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)力為0.8mp。


  五、冷庫門廠家-制冷機組的組裝與安裝技術


  半密封(feng)或全封(feng)閉壓(ya)縮(suo)機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)應安(an)裝機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)油(you)分(fen)(fen)離器,并在機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)油(you)分(fen)(fen)離器中加(jia)入(ru)適量的發動機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)油(you)。當蒸發溫度(du)低于-15℃時(shi),應加(jia)入(ru)氣(qi)液(ye)分(fen)(fen)離器和(he)適量的冷凍機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)油(you);壓(ya)縮(suo)機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)底座應配備阻尼橡(xiang)膠底座;應為(wei)機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)組(zu)的安(an)裝預留維護空間,以便于觀察儀(yi)表和(he)閥門的調整情況;高(gao)壓(ya)表應安(an)裝在儲(chu)液(ye)罐閥門的三(san)通處;機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)組(zu)整體布局合理(li),顏色(se)一(yi)致。每(mei)種機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)組(zu)的安(an)裝結構(gou)應一(yi)致。


  六、冷(leng)庫門廠家-制冷(leng)系統加(jia)fu調試技術


  測(ce)量電(dian)(dian)源(yuan)電(dian)(dian)壓(ya)(ya)(ya);測(ce)量壓(ya)(ya)(ya)縮機(ji)三個繞組的(de)電(dian)(dian)阻和(he)電(dian)(dian)機(ji)的(de)絕緣(yuan);檢查制(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)系(xi)統閥門的(de)開(kai)、關情(qing)況;排空后(hou),向儲(chu)液罐(guan)內注(zhu)入(ru)制(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)劑至(zhi)標準(zhun)加注(zhu)量重量的(de)百分之70-80,然(ran)后(hou)運行壓(ya)(ya)(ya)縮機(ji),將低壓(ya)(ya)(ya)氣(qi)(qi)體添加至(zhi)足(zu)夠(gou)的(de)容量;啟動后(hou),首先聽壓(ya)(ya)(ya)縮機(ji)聲(sheng)音是(shi)否(fou)正(zheng)常(chang),冷(leng)(leng)(leng)凝器和(he)制(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)風扇是(shi)否(fou)正(zheng)常(chang)工作(zuo),壓(ya)(ya)(ya)縮機(ji)三相電(dian)(dian)流(liu)是(shi)否(fou)穩定;正(zheng)常(chang)制(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)后(hou),檢查制(zhi)冷(leng)(leng)(leng)系(xi)統各部件、排氣(qi)(qi)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)力、吸氣(qi)(qi)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)力、排氣(qi)(qi)溫(wen)度(du)、吸氣(qi)(qi)溫(wen)度(du)、電(dian)(dian)機(ji)溫(wen)度(du)、曲軸箱溫(wen)度(du)和(he)膨(peng)脹閥前溫(wen)度(du),觀察蒸發器和(he)膨(peng)脹閥結(jie)霜情(qing)況,觀察油鏡油位及顏(yan)色(se)變化(hua),檢查設備(bei)運行聲(sheng)音是(shi)否(fou)異常(chang);根據設備(bei)結(jie)霜和(he)使(shi)用條件設置溫(wen)度(du)參(can)數和(he)膨(peng)脹閥的(de)開(kai)度(du)。


  七、冷庫門廠(chang)家(jia)-電子控制系(xi)統安裝技術


  每(mei)個(ge)(ge)觸點應標(biao)有(you)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)號,以便(bian)維修;電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)控箱嚴格(ge)按圖紙要求制作,并接(jie)通電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)源進行(xing)(xing)(xing)空(kong)載試(shi)驗(yan);在(zai)(zai)每(mei)個(ge)(ge)接(jie)觸器上標(biao)明名稱;用綁扎(zha)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)固定電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)氣元(yuan)件(jian)的(de)(de)導線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian);將電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)觸頭壓(ya)在(zai)(zai)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機的(de)(de)導線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)連(lian)接(jie)器和(he)主(zhu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)連(lian)接(jie)器上,用線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)夾夾緊,必要時(shi)掛錫;所有(you)設(she)備連(lian)接(jie)應使用電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)管(guan)鋪設(she),并用夾子固定。PVC線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)管(guan)用膠(jiao)水(shui)(shui)(shui)粘接(jie),管(guan)口(kou)用膠(jiao)帶密(mi)封包扎(zha);配電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)箱水(shui)(shui)(shui)平、垂直安裝,環境照明良好,室(shi)內干燥,便(bian)于觀(guan)察和(he)操作;導管(guan)內導線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)的(de)(de)面(mian)積不(bu)得超過百分之50;電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)的(de)(de)選擇應具有(you)穩定系(xi)數,在(zai)(zai)機組運行(xing)(xing)(xing)或除霜期(qi)間,電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)表面(mian)的(de)(de)溫度不(bu)得超過40℃;電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)路系(xi)統(tong)須為(wei)五線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)制,無地(di)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)時(shi)應加地(di)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian);電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)不(bu)得暴露(lu)在(zai)(zai)露(lu)天,以免長(chang)期(qi)日曬(shai)、風吹電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)皮老化(hua)、短路、漏電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)等現(xian)象;整個(ge)(ge)系(xi)統(tong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)焊連(lian)接(jie)完畢后,進行(xing)(xing)(xing)氣密(mi)性試(shi)驗(yan),高(gao)壓(ya)端充(chong)入1.8mp氮(dan)氣。低(di)壓(ya)端充(chong)氮(dan)量(liang)為(wei)1.2mp。加壓(ya)過程(cheng)中,用肥皂水(shui)(shui)(shui)檢漏,仔細檢查所有(you)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)焊連(lian)接(jie)接(jie)頭、法(fa)蘭和(he)閥(fa)門(men),檢漏后保壓(ya)24小時(shi);導管(guan)安裝應美觀(guan)、牢固。


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